charactarisation of calcined petroleum coke

(PDF) Characterization of Petroleum Coke and Butts …

The calcined petroleum coke has very low transmission characteristics to baseline levels. Figure 5 shows the FTIR analysis of the anode butt and coke samples.

Petroleum Coke - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Petroleum coke (“petcoke”) is regularly produced as a by-product of crude oil refining, especially from heavy crudes commonly produced in Canada. While some forms of petcoke are useful for steel making or other speciality purposes, it is often stockpiled in large quantities as a waste product.

(PDF) Waste Heat Reutilization of Calcined Petroleum …

The waste heat reutilization system of calcined petroleum coke (CPC), installed in the tank calcined furnace, was built. The waste heat reutilization exchanger, included outer heat

Petroleum High Volume Production - Petroleum Coke

The EPA Screening-Level Hazard Characterization for Petroleum Coke which summarizes EPA’s views on the available data for the egory and on the need for additional studies to fill data gaps. The API Petroleum HPV Testing Group’s response to the EPA

46 CFR § 148.295 - Petroleum coke, calcined or …

(b) Petroleum coke, calcined or uncalcined, or a mixture of calcined and uncalcined petroleum coke may not be loaded when its temperature exceeds 107 C (225 F). (c) No other hazardous materials may be stowed in any hold adjacent to a hold containing petroleum coke except as …

(PDF) Calcinations of Petroleum coke - ResearchGate

Calcinations of coke are usually d one in a rotary kiln at about 1300°C to 1500°C. During the process the coke is further decomposed, increasing in the carbon to hydrogen ratio from 20 of

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined …

2014/12/20· Calcined petroleum coke (CPC) has been used for more than 120 years to produce the carbon anodes used in the Hall-Héroult aluminum electrolysis process. Several other forms of carbon were tested in the early stages, but none proved to have the right coination of low impurity levels, relatively low cost, and ready availability.

CHARACTERIZATION OF PETROLEUM COKE AND BUTTS USED IN …

contact angle of calcined petroleum coke and anode butt recycled differs by 9º.The wettability increases (contact angle decreases) with time for both coke and butt. Recycled anode butt has a lower contact angle compared to petroleum coke at all times

STUDY ON PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM …

The calcined petroleum cokes are used in production of aluminum anode-grade, graphite electrode, needle-grade, titanium dioxide pigments. Petroleum coke (green and calcined) is produced by the high pressure thermal decomposition of heavy petroleum

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Calcined Petroleum Coke …

This paper reports the results of heat transfer characteristics of calcined petroleum coke in waste heat recovery process. The model of heat exchanger was set up. The model has been used to investigate the effects of porosity (0.58 to 0.79), equivalent heat

Analysis and Characterization of High-Volatile …

Compared to other types of Syrian petcoke, high volatile coke is less anisotropic. It is characterised in general by its high volatile matter and low sulphur contents. It has a …

Petroleum Coke - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Petroleum coke (“petcoke”) is regularly produced as a by-product of crude oil refining, especially from heavy crudes commonly produced in Canada. While some forms of petcoke are useful for steel making or other speciality purposes, it is often stockpiled in large quantities as a waste product.

Calcined Petroleum Coke(CPC) - صباذوب سپاهان

Calcined petroleum coke is obtained through calcination the crude coke. Through this process, part of volatile materials and moisture content of crude coke is removed and as a result its weight percentage increases. Calcined coke has plenty of appliions in the aluminum, anode, steel, casting hode protection and other industries.

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Calcined Petroleum …

2016/1/1· When calcined petroleum coke is discharged from tank calcined furnaces, the temperature is 1000[degrees]C. The heat of high temperature calcined petroleum coke is about 33.5% of the total heat of calcination process [3]. The waste heat of it has high possibility

"Human Health Risk Characterization of Petroleum …

Calcined coke is a high quality carbon material produced by calcining green petroleum coke. Calcining is the process of heating green petroleum coke in a kiln to remove excess moisture, extract all remaining hydrocarbons, and modify the crystalline structure of the coke into …

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Desulfurization of Petroleum Coke Beyond 16000C Christopher A. Paul Great Lakes Carbon Corporation P.O. Box C Port Arthur, TX 77641 Abstract Calcining experiments using a graphite tube-furnace at temperatures of 1300 to 16500C were conducted to determine the degree of thermal desulfurization that occurs in petroleum coke at these temperatures.

A recognized method for determining the porosity characteristics of calcined petroleum coke

The porosity characteristics of calcined petroleum coke have a significant impact on anode performance. It has been observed that the porosity of calcined petroleum coke affects the coke suitability for use in pitch bonded carbon appliions like prebaked

Petroleum coke - Wikipedia

2020/3/25· Calcined petroleum coke (CPC) is an important chemical material. It is basic material for the production of aluminum electrolysis anode, graphite electrode used in steel making, carburetant and other carbon products in chemical engineering industry [1] , [2] .

Calcined petroleum coke NIST® SRM® 2719 | 65996-77 …

Calcined petroleum coke NIST® SRM® 2719; CAS Nuer: 65996-77-2; Synonym: Coke; find null-NIST2719 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich. Changes will be taking place on SigmaAldrich

Research Article Heat Transfer Characteristics of Calcined Petroleum Coke …

calcined petroleum coke and water, the mass, momentum, and energy conservation exist. In this paper, the unsteady model is used for calculation. e mass, momentum, and energy conservationequationsare shown as follows. e mass conservation equation is as

Calcined Petroleum Coke - Atha Group

Calcined Petroleum Coke. The group owns and operates a Calcined Petroleum Coke (CPC) Plant that was engineered, designed and erected under the direct supervision of Engineers India Limited and was commissioned and operational from the year 1975. Petro Carbon and Chemicals Private Limited (PCCPL) was incorporated on Septeer 2007 and was

Characterization of Carbon Anode Materials by Image …

2016/2/7· Carbon anodes are made of calcined petroleum coke, recycled carbon materials (butts and anodes), and coal tar pitch. The pitch and coke properties strongly influence the anode quality. High‐quality anodes help reduce the energy consumption and environmental emissions during the …

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum Coke Production and …

2014/12/20· Calcined petroleum coke is used for the production of carbon anodes in the Hall-He´roult aluminum smelting process due to a coination of low impurity levels, ready availability, and relatively low cost. This article provides a review of the history and use of

MORPHOLOGICAL AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-COKE …

Calcined petroleum coke and coal tar pitch are the raw materials used in producing carbon anodes for aluminum electrolysis. Carbon materials derived from biomasses are low cost and in considered renewable. Partial replacement of petroleum coke with coke has the potential to bio- reduce the environmental duringemissions aluminum production.

Human Health Risk Characterization of Petroleum Coke Calcining …

2016/4/1· Calcined coke is a high quality carbon material produced by calcining green petroleum coke. Calcining is the process of heating green petroleum coke in a kiln to remove excess moisture, extract all remaining hydrocarbons, and modify the crystalline structure of the coke into a denser,

Microstructure and physical-chemical properties of petroleum coke …

contributes to characterization and utilization of petro-leum coke.2,7 Calcined regular grade petroleum coke is most often used as carburizer, i.e. for adjustment of carbon content in iron-carbon alloys. Besides petroleum coke, natural and synthetic graphite

[PDF] Characterization of Dry Aggregates in Carbon …

Anodes are mainly composed of dry aggregates such as calcined petroleum coke and recycled materials with pitch as the binder. Granulometry of the dry aggregates is important to obtain good physical, chemical, electrical, and mechanical anode properties.

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum Coke Production and …

2014/12/20· Calcined petroleum coke is used for the production of carbon anodes in the Hall-He´roult aluminum smelting process due to a coination of low impurity levels, ready availability, and relatively low cost. This article provides a review of the history and use of